Imprisonment and exile of the defeated of the Spanish War

Conference on the prisoner camps during the Civil War and the Franco dictatorship

The defeat of the Republic in the Civil War filled prisons and prison camps in Spain and forced hundreds of thousands of people to seek refuge in France. Many were imprisoned in concentration camps both in the metropolis and in Algeria and Morocco, and a significant number were able to break the siege of the Mediterranean and go into exile in America.

The seminar Imprisonment and exile of the defeated in the Spanish War proposes two days of conferences: one in Mallorca, at Es Baluard Museum in January and another, in Madrid, at the Museo Nacional de Antropología in March. In them, different experts will examine the subject in depth from different places. The conference in Mallorca includes two presentations and a debate:

– 6 pm Maria Eugènia Jaume Els camps de concentració a Mallorca (1936-1942)
– 7 pm José Luis Morro Los silencios del exilio español de 1939
– 8 pm Debate between the guests and Daniel García Andújar, led by the journalist Tomás Andújar

Historian Maria Eugènia Jaume will explain the network of concentration camps created by Franco’s regime in Mallorca between 1936 and 1942. For his part, the researcher José Luis Morro will draw a common path for many exiles that passes through the camps of France and Algeria and ends in the ports of Mexico starting from Casablanca and Lisbon. Both will then take part in a round table discussion with the artist Daniel García Andújar.

These two activities, in Palma and Madrid, are linked to his exhibition “Letter of Marque” which can be visited until January 22 at Es Baluard Museu, and which will then travel to Madrid. Andújar’s project reflects on the Mediterranean as a crossroads of exile, repression and migration throughout history. 

Maria Eugènia Jaume has a degree in Humanities, History, Geography and History of Art and a Master’s Degree in Contemporary History and the Modern World. She recently finished the University Specialist in Politics and Research in Transitional Justice and Democratic Memory and the Postgraduate Degree in Judicial Expert in Archeology and Forensic anthropology. She is currently working on her Doctoral Thesis entitled Els Camps de Treball a les Illes Balears 1936-1942. Her field of study focuses on the Civil War in Mallorca. She has participated in different conferences at the UOC, UNED, UIB, UB and UAM and has written several articles on female repression in Mallorca during the Civil War, the Republican landing of Captain Alberto Bayo and the Concentration Camps on the island, including the book Esclaus Oblidats. Els Camps de Concentració a Mallorca. She has recently delivered a census of infrastructures built by the prisoners of the concentration camps in the Balearic Islands commissioned by the GOIB.

José Luis Morro is researcher and has worked at the Alto Palancia Secondary School. In 1993 he began his career in the world of Spanish exile of 1939 in the Congress held at the University of Valencia and Segorbe in memory of the Valencian writer Max Aub. In March 1994 he took part in the International Congress Max Aub y lo falso, held at the University of Salerno, Italy. In December 1995, he participated with the statement Max Aub, ¿Un exilio diferente?, in the First International Literature Congress, held at the Autonomous University of Barcelona to which he will return in 1998 with the statement Antonio Soriano y Max Aub. On April 14, 1996 he gave his first conference at the Segorbe Republican Center under the title: Gilberto Bosques Saldívar. In June 1997 he participated in the Jaume I University of Castellón with the statement: Ciudadanos del Alto Palancia en Campos nazis. In October of the same year he collaborated in the writing and presentation of the book by Agapito Martín Romaní: Sobrevivir a Mauthaussen. In 2002 he presented his first book: Campo de Vernet d´Ariège in Teresa (Castellón), prefaced, which was followed by Campo de Gurs, edited by Memoria Viva Editorial in 2004. In 2012 he published Campos Africanos for the same editorial. He is currently preparing a book on the history of exiles and ships arriving in Veracruz (Mexico).

Cultural Training
17th January 2023 → 17th January 2023