• Definition of museum updated by ICOM on 24 August 2022
Definition of museum updated by ICOM on 24 August 2022

In Conversation: The Museum and the Collection

Location: Exhibition Halls A and C

On 30 January 2024, Es Baluard Museu d’Art Contemporani de Palma celebrates its 20th year and, on the occasion of this anniversary, the exhibition “In Conversation: The Museum and the Collection” will be inaugurated in exhibition halls A and C of the building. The exhibition, curated by Eva Cifre—Head of the Education Department—and Soad Houman—Head of Registration and Collection/Artistic Department—will present a chronological itinerary through Es Baluard Museu’s Collection in which the pieces articulate a series of conversations at different levels.

Firstly, the Museum’s container and content will be linked, that is to say, the container understood as the history of the building and its patrimonial surroundings. We aim to show not only the content of the Museum by means of the permanent Collection, but also the history of its location. With this purpose in mind, Mallorcan Berlin-based artist Tonina Matamalas will present an expressly created intervention in the form of a graphic recording that will take us from the time of the construction of the fort’s walls in the 16th century to the establishment and inauguration of Es Baluard Museu in 2004. This work will be located on Floor 0 in front of the entrance to the exhibition, where it will remain throughout 2024.

The second level of conversation will be generated amongst the works themselves. Throughout the itinerary, designed chronologically, we will move through the different periods and currents of the different contexts, namely the Balearic, the Spanish and the international, paying close attention to the alignments and connections that take place. In Exhibition Hall A on Floor 0, the exhibition begins in Mallorca at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, with the emergence of landscape art, and ends with the resurgence of painting in the 1980s. Between one milestone and another, the itinerary will lead us through cubism, the first avant-gardes, the Spanish and European post-war period—where the focus centres on gesture and material-based pictorial experimentation—to then continue with conceptual art, mail art and the first incursions into video art. At certain points, five pieces dating from the year 2000 onwards will infiltrate the exhibition, as a way of interrupting the established chronological line and thus creating spaces for reflection on contemporary art and for dialogue between the different periods, as well as on diverse issues such as the relationship with the territory and the landscape, the role of women throughout history and the search for identity.

Finally, in Exhibition Hall C on Floor -1, the works in the Collection that date from the 21st century become a metaphor for the definition of “Museum”. The pieces will serve to break down and analyse the features that identify the museum institution, through concepts such as research, collection, interpretation, diversity, community and education, all of which are present in the most recent and updated ICOM definition of museum (August 2022). The aim is to open up the debate on what the 21st-century museum should be like and the challenges it faces from now on.

“A museum is a not-for-profit, permanent institution in the service of society that researches, collects, conserves, interprets and exhibits tangible and intangible heritage. Open to the public, accessible and inclusive, museums foster diversity and sustainability. They operate and communicate ethically, professionally and with the participation of communities, offering varied experiences for education, enjoyment, reflection and knowledge sharing.”

(Definition updated by ICOM on 24 August 2022)

Thus, with the exhibition “In Conversation: The Museum and the Collection”, we look to reflect on the 20 years that have passed at the heart of the institution, to reaffirm our identity through the Collection, to bring the Museum and contemporary art closer to the public, and to highlight the possibilities of the museum institution in our current times as a means for facing our future challenges as a society.


  • Closing of the Exhibition Hall A, floor 0:  May 5, 2024
  • Closing of the Exhibition Hall C, floor -1: May 26, 2024
Collection Es Baluard artworks included in the exhibition
31st January 2024 → 26th May 2024
Curator: Eva Cifre and Soad Houman
Marina Abramović, Nevin Aladağ, Pilar Albarracín, Amador, Ricard Anckermann, Irene de Andrés, Hermen Anglada-Camarasa, Miquel Barceló, Francisco Bernareggi, María Blanchard, Pedro Blanes Viale, Dineo Seshee Bopape, Norah Borges, Joan Brossa, José Manuel Broto, Miguel Ángel Campano, Ramon Canet, Maria Carbonero, Francesc Català Roca, Toni Catany, Llorenç Cerdà, Frank El Punto, Mounir Fatmi, Jean Fautrier, Lara Fluxà, Rafa Forteza, Tsuguaru Foujita, Alicia Framis, Ana Gallardo, Ferran Garcia Sevilla, Paul Gauguin, Antoni Gelabert, Juan Genovés, Leo Gestel, Archie Gittes, Xavier Grau, Joseph Grigely, Josep Guinovart, Hans Hartung, Concha Jerez, Juan del Junco, Sebastià Junyer Vidal, Don Kunkel, Wifredo Lam, Marie Laurencin, Fernand Léger, Nino Longobardi, Josep Llorens Artigas, Llunàtic,  Eric N. Mack, Chema Madoz, André Masson, Teresa Matas, Georges Mathieu, Roberto Matta, Max, Mariann McErlain, Eliseu Meifrén, José Manuel Menéndez Rojas, Manolo Millares, Joaquim Mir, Antoni Miralda, Joan Miró, Amedeo Modigliani, Pilar Montaner de Sureda, Jean Marie del Moral, Antoni Muntadas, Guillem Nadal, Paloma Navares, Pere Joan, Pablo Picasso, Jaume Pinya, Jaume Plensa, Fabrizio Plessi, Serge Poliakoff, Joan Rabascall, Juli Ramis, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Elena del Rivero, Bernardí Roig, Francesc Rosselló Miralles, Thomas Ruff, Francisco Ruiz de Infante, Santiago Rusiñol, Avelino Sala, Inmaculada Salinas, Horacio Sapere, Tomás Saraceno, Amparo Sard, Antonio Saura, Sean Scully, Gabriel Serra, José Maria Sicilia, Sean Snyder, Antoni Socías, Joaquín Sorolla, Nicolas de Staël, Mladen Stilinović, Martine Syms, Antoni Tàpies, Andreu Terrades, EndreTót, Gabor Toth, Rafael Tur Costa, Javier Vallhonrat, Wolf Vostell, Kemang Wa Lehulere, Ruth Wolf-Rehfeldt, Francesca Woodman
Dora Llamas lecture
Los museos del siglo XXI
February 1
19 h.
Free activity with limited capacity
Prior registration
Guided Visits to the Collection
From February 4 to May 26
12 h. Saturday visits in Catalan and Sunday visits in Spanish.
Free activity with limited capacity
Members of Es Baluard
Exclusive visit with the curators
March 12th, 6 pm
Requirement: being Member of Es Baluard
Members of Es Baluard
Visit to the artist Ramon Canet's studio
April 18th, 6 pm
Requirement: being Member of Es Baluard
Screening: El Museo Invisible
By Tània and Ona Balló
May 17, 7 pm
Free activity with limited capacity
Prior registration